According to the Consumer Protection Act 1986, the consumer right is referred to as ‘right to be protected against marketing of goods and services which are hazardous to life and property’.It is applicable to specific areas like healthcare, pharmaceuticals.
The right to information is defined as ‘the right to be informed about the quality, quantity, potency, purity, standard and price of goods or services, as the case may be so as to protect the consumer against unfair trade practices’ in the Consumer Protection Act of 1986.
Consumerism is a social as well as economic order which encourages the buying of goods and services in ever-greater amounts. This term is sometimes associated with critics of consumption beginning with Thorstein Veblen. Veblen's topic of examination.
The RTI Act was passed in 2005, with an aim to provide effectual access to information for Indian citizens, so that there is accountability and transparency of working of public authority.
To endow with setting out the practical command of right to information to Indian citizens, the Parliament of India introduced The Right to Information Act 2005. Excluding the State of Jammu and Kashmir, this act is applicable to all the States and Union Territories of our country. The reason behind this is that the State of Jammu and Kashmir has its individual act which is called Jammu and Kashmir Right to Information Act, 2009.
Under RTI’s provisions, any citizen can request information from the public authority, (instrumentality of state or a body of Government), which is then required to furnish the required information within 30 days or expeditiously. As per the act, it is mandatory for the public authority to computerize assorted records for wider dissemination and pro-actively publishing specific categories of information for the convenience of the citizens. Passed on 15th June 2005, by the Parliament, this law practically came into force on 12th October 2005.
Because of the Official Secrets Act 1923, information disclosure was till then forbidden in India, however the new RTI Act now relaxes the citizens.